6 thoughts on “The Modern State: Separation & Organization

  1. It’s early on the east coast, and although I follow you daily through RSS, I’m having a hell of a time figuring out the reference to STP. Please, this is not an invitation for anyone to breathe fire at me…I know this field, it’s just not registering and looking through previous entries I can’t find the full cite. Thank you for any help and please go easy on me, all.

    1. Foucault does his whole “history of the police” thing in those two chapters of STP. (Additionally, Omnes et Singulatim is a more succinct summary of the same points.) Here are my notes, if you’re willing to see my dirty dirty:

      Foucault on Police in STP:

      -police originally 3 things (none of them police today)

      –transformation of effect to cause (thru catherine) 313
      –> “splendor” ******
      —‘both the visible beauty of the order and the brilliant, radiating manifestation of a force’ (314)
      —> von Justi: “laws and regulations that concern the the interior of a state and which endeavor to strengthen and increase the power of this state and make good use of its forces”

      u/q of space to “new european equilibrium”
      –inside / outside / stats / commerce (talk about comm next wk)

      3 comparisons: italy, germany, france

      “utopian police state” (319)
      –1611, Turquet de Mayerne “la monarchie aristodémocratique”
      –“everything that gives ornament, form, and splendor to the city”…”the order of everything that one can see” in the city.
      fn 17: “in it [Police[ is reduce all that could be thought or said concerning government: extending Police obviously through all the estates and conditions of persons, and in everything that they plan, do, maintain, and exercise”
      —4 great roles: justice, army, police, and reformer
      –perfection // virtuosity (322)
      —“occupation” // st8 strength thru activity of men *******
      —-aspects of that strength, hist spec (#, conditions of life, health, activity, circulation)
      —“society” (and happiness! / delamare)
      —–n41″Police encompasses in its object all the things that serve as foundation and rule for the societies that men have established amongst themselves” “A set of individuals have relations of coexistence which meant that they live and dwell together. In short a population.”

      ****summarized in omnes and singulatim
      3 important aspects of police:
      1) de mayerne’s 16C utopian well-ordered police state
      2) de la mare’s state of happiness
      3) von justi’s science of policing

      1. Thank you! I needed coffee. I just couldn’t put the acronym with the lecture names in English. I suppose I should have waited a few hours, but am off to the library and would like to look through this while I’m there. I need to look at Omnes and Singulatim, too; never have…

        And more than willing to see notes, dirty dirty, et alia.

    2. in regards to the two specific points I made for STP:
      1) de mayerne’s utopian “police state,” which really had nothing to do w/ the police as we know it now, but rather was an administrative state that oversees the well-being of all aspect of life, he suggested there be four grand officials the serve the king: officer of justice, officer of the army, officer of finance, and officer of the police. what is unique to the function of the officer of the police is that de mayerne tasks that officer with looking at the relationships between the different officers, and overseeing them.

      2) “well-being.” i sort of jumped the gun here, as one of the points i will run through in the operation of scientifization is von justi’s science of policing. from the 16C – 18C, policy & police are the same thing. in some secondary articles on this aspect of foucault, people write “policey” (which i find gimmicky, but whatever). anyway, von justi is the one who clarifies this “positive task” that I wrote earlier. this is a pretty important invention, as it sets the groundwork for policing to become biopower.

  2. Ahhh! Now I get your request, I feel like i dodged your point. By “STP,” I am citing Foucault’s 78-79 lecture series at the Collège de France entitled “Security, Territory, Population.” These are some of the last lectures, and they deal with the historical constitution of the police in France and Germany. (though interestingly, de Mayerne was Swiss physician, and wrote his 1611 treatise while living in England and caring for royals)

    Writing this section has been difficult, as I have been *subtracting out history*. It would be one thing to repeat the historical progress as outlined in Foucault’s genealogy, but it’s something else completely to transform it into generalizable concepts for an ahistorical typology. Hopefully the social scientists don’t burn me at the stake for it.

  3. Eff the ess esses, I say. From what you have posted, I think you are doing a fine job of creating something like typologies without sacrificing singularity. Besides, Foucault needs some de-progressing.

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